Pleurisy is a condition that involves inflammation of the lining of the lungs and inner chest wall. The inflammation occurs in the pleurae which are two tissue layers around the lungs, one covering the lung and the other covering the inner wall of the chest.
The condition can be caused by a number of conditions including bacterial or viral infections, tuberculosis, pulmonary embolism and congestive heart failure among others.
Often an accumulation of fluid between the two layers of the pleura, known as pleural effusion, factors in on pleurisy. Some of the symptoms that can appear in pleurisy along with treatment options include the following.
1. Chest pain
The chest pain experienced in pleurisy is typically aggravated by breathing in or inhaling. This is because the pain fibers of the lung are located in the pleurae. The pain experienced may affect the chest cavity either in the front or back any may even diffuse to other parts of the body such as the shoulder or back.
Chest pain is also the main indicator in a diagnosis of pleurisy. The diagnosis will also include physical findings on examination of the chest.