Dandruff is a condition that sees your scalp flaking, and pieces of skin scattering throughout your hair and falling away when you brush. The condition is common, but surprisingly we don’t quite understand exactly what causes it. Experts disagree on what causes the condition, which is also known as Pityriasis simplex.
There are three main lines of thought. First of all, many experts believe that those who are sensitive to yeast are likely to suffer with dandruff. As yeast grows in the scalp, the skin becomes dry and flaky. Yeast will thrive in moderate temperatures, so a person who suffers from dandruff outside of winter and summer is likely to be suffering from a yeast problem.
Dry skin is of course the most common cause. Anyone with eczema or psoriasis will understand how easy it is to have outbreaks, and how skin becomes cracked and flaky. The cold air outside and warm rooms inside can irritate the skin and lead to dandruff. You’ll know it’s simply a matter of dry skin when the flakes are not greasy.
The final major line of thought is that dandruff can be caused by a fungus called Malassezia. This is less common than the above causes, but when somebody’s skin is infected with the fungus and it grows out of control, it sucks up the oils that are secreted naturally by our hair follicles. This makes skin and hair dry, creating dandruff.
There are lots of other minor reasons in between, ranging from not enough shampooing, being stressed or suffering from serious diseases, but when it comes down to dry skin and yeast, there are lots of solutions. Here are nine proven ways you can stop dandruff and enjoy a smooth, healthy scalp and hair with homemade treatments.
Great with fish and chips, vinegar is also a surprisingly effective treatment for dandruff. Rather than malt vinegar, choose apple cider vinegar. Combine the vinegar with an equal measure of warm water. For a single treatment, aim for half a cup of each ingredient. Then, pour the mixture over your hair and wash for a number of minutes, before rinsing with water and waiting around 12 hours before you shower.
This works by killing the fungus that might be living in your scalp, allowing your skin to repair itself and grow healthier over time. This of course only works if you are suffering from the fungal cause of dandruff.