Edema is the medical term for swelling caused by fluid retention. It is from the Greek word oedema, which means a swelling tumor. Fluid retention happens when excess fluid is trapped in the body’s tissues. The swelling can be from injury or inflammation due to infection. Edema can be concentrated in one part or the entire body. Edema happens when the small blood vessels become leaky and release fluid into the nearby and adjacent tissues making the tissues swell. There are many types of Edema: Peripheral Edema, which happens in the feet, ankles, legs, hands and arms; Cerebral Edema, which occurs in and around the brain, and; Eye Edema, which happens in and around the eyes. It can be caused by several factors. The following lists the causes of Edema.
1. Physical Inactivity
Edema is a condition that causes fluid to accumulate in the body tissues that result in swelling. Diuretics can help in reducing the swelling, but exercising is a better way to reduce swelling. Exercising and physical activity uses the whole body, causing more fat to be burnt and more water to be sweated out to maintain body temperature and keep the body hydrated. Exercising even uses the excess water stored up in the body. Edema is more prevalent among people who do not exercise and more very little. .The body does not need any more hydrating, thus, all excess waters are stored up.