Bladder cancer is the fifth most common cause of cancer in the USA and is expected to affect about 76,000 people in 2016, resulting in approximately 16,000 deaths. Having said this, bladder cancer only accounts for 4.6% of all cancers in the USA, so it’s not all that common.
There are three main types of bladder cancer, they are:
- 1. Transitional cell carcinoma, which affects the cells in the innermost tissue layer of the bladder. These are the cells that enable the bladder to expand and contract as it fills and is emptied.
- 2. Squamous cell carcinoma. These are thin, flat cells that develop in the bladder after long term infection or irritation.
- 3. Adenocarcinoma. A cancer that starts in the glandular cells (cells in the lining of the bladder). This is a very rare form of cancer.
Here are 11 symptoms of bladder cancer.
1. Blood in the urine
Blood in the urine is usually the first symptom of bladder cancer. The blood can appear as blood or as clots. It may be enough to colour the urine orange, pink and, in advanced cases, dark red. It can also be sporadic in appearance, there one day and gone the next, but as the cancer advances it will become more pronounced. Generally, in the beginning there will be no pain accompanying the blood but the pain can intensify as the cancer progresses. Blood in the urine does not automatically signify bladder cancer, but should be checked by your doctor or health professional.