You might be surprised to learn that epilepsy is actually the fourth most common neurological disorder that affects people in the United States, of all ages. Essentially, epilepsy refers to a number of seizure disorders, where an individual will randomly enter a seizure that includes body convulsions and a number of other symptoms.
If you have a history of epilepsy in your family then it is more likely that you will develop it yourself, though seizures can also be caused by a number of diseases and health conditions.
So what causes the epilepsy? Well, it ultimately boils down to the human brain. Electrical currents play a huge part in making the body move, and when the brain does not properly send electrical pulses through the nervous system – or when those electrical pulses are sent to the wrong parts of the body – seizures can occur. Not only does this have a profound effect on your health, but the nature of a seizure means you can lose control and risk hurting yourself in the process.
It’s essential that anyone with epilepsy, or who has experienced seizures in the past, speaks to their doctor about possible medications that can reduce the severity and frequency of these seizures. You should also be aware of the different symptoms and kinds of seizures that come with epilepsy. Take a look at the 10 most common symptoms and seizure types below.
1. Simple partial seizures
A simple partial seizure is one of two varieties of ‘partial’ seizures. This kind of seizure involves you remaining completely conscious throughout the episode. You may begin experiencing a bizarre feeling that is hard to describe to other people, followed by a feeling that your stomach is ‘rising’. Some people compare it to the feeling you get when you drive quickly over a steep hill.
You may then experience pins and needles in your limbs and ultimately experience twitching and stiffness in your hands, feet, legs and arms. This is not a violent seizure but can be dangerous. Typically, a simple partial seizure is a ‘warning’ that you are about to experience worse seizures, and you should take yourself somewhere safe if these symptoms occur.